Jesus in the OT :: Genesis – Malachi

We have come to the end of our study of Jesus in the Old Testament. Now that we know Him from the Old Testament of the God inspired Scripture, let us make Him known to those who don’t know Him. But more importantly, let us live of lives as if we really do know who Jesus is. Otherwise, we will be mere professors of knowing God (with our lips) and not practitioners of walking with Jesus in the Spirit (denying Him in our lives). When we profess with our lips and deny Him with our works (life), we are abominable, disobedient and unto every good work reprobate (Titus 1:16).

In summary, Jesus Christ, in:

  1. Genesis is the Creator, Elohim God and a Priest forever in the order of Melchizedek, the King of Righteousness and Peace
  2. Exodus is the manna, our bread of life
  3. Leviticus is the acceptable Offering to God who sanctifies us
  4. Numbers is the One lifted up and all who look at him on the Cross will be saved when they believe in Him and
  5. Deuteronomy is our Teacher
  6. Joshua is Commander and Chief of the armies of the Lord
  7. Judges is a righteous Judge
  8. Ruth is the kinsman redeemer wanting to come into your life and mine to be our friend and to associate with us
  9. 1 Samuel is the shepherd made ruler of all men
  10. 2 Samuel is the Abishai, the gift of God.
  11. 1 Kings is greater than Solomon and the King who rode on a donkey bring Salvation the first time, and He will be the King returning riding on a white horse executing Judgment (Revelation 19:11).
  12. 2 Kings  is the one who stretches out his hands and touches our heart, cleansing us from the leprosy and filth of sin.
  13. 1 Chronicles is the One and Only Omnipotent God
  14. 2 Chronicles is the Word of God found in the House of God, bringing about a spiritual revival in our hearts
  15. Ezra is the faithful Scribe, writing grace and forgiveness in our stony hearts
  16. Nehemiah is in profession, the cup bearer of the wrath of God and in provision, the provider of Rest (the Sabbath)
  17. Esther is our Intercessor and Salvation (for such a time as this, for such a people)
  18. Job is the Persecuted One who will Come Back as King of kings and Lord of lords
  19. Psalms is the Grace of God, to be kissed and embraced; He is the rejected servant and THE Good Shepherd, worthy of all our praises; praises from all that have breath
  20. Proverbs is Wisdom and all who ask for Wisdom (Him) will receive Him
  21. Ecclesiastes is the Speaker before the Assembly. We ought to fear God and keep His commandments, for that is the whole duty of man
  22. Song of Solomon is the Bridegroom waiting for you are me, who are engaged to Him
  23. Isaiah is the Agnus Dei, The Lamb of God
  24. Jeremiah is the Righteous BRANCH, a Weeping GOD hoping that all who hear His voice, will see Him and How God visits man through Him
  25. Lamentations is the Faithful One, the ever Faithful one
  26. Ezekiel is the True Shepherd, the Lion of the Tribe of Judah, the diligent Servant, Son of Man, and the Son of God with a new covenant
  27. Daniel is the Ancient of days and He is not only the protecting Son of God but He is also the PRESENT Son of God, in the midst of the fire of our lives
  28. Hosea is the faithful one who ransoms us from death and redeems us from the grave, in spite of our unfaithfulness (adulterous life)
  29. Joel is the Spirit of God, who is poured into the hearts of all, who pardons all bloodguilt and saves
  30. Amos is our burden bearer, who carried the cross and He will carry us as well
  31. Obadiah is the deliverance from Zion, the Holiness of God, who is to be worshipped and served
  32. Jonah is the one who went to the GRAVE because of His GRACE and who wants no one to perish
  33. Micah is the ruler from Bethlehem, the man of peace
  34. Nahum is the Yoke breaker and bearer, the one who sets those in bondage free
  35. Habakkuk is anointed one, the God of our Salvation
  36. Zephaniah is THE SACRIFICE prepared by God, who hides us from the wrath of God
  37. Haggai is the desire of all nations, the one who not only cleanses the temple and restores the glory of the house of God, but is also the very glory of God in the temple; He is the Prince of Peace
  38. Zechariah is the High Priest and riding King that was priced and pierced for us
  39. Malachi is the Messenger of the covenant, in whom God delights

Behold, Jesus Christ in the Old Testament.

Titus 1:16 (KJV)
16 They profess that they know God; but in works they deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work reprobate.

Jesus in the OT :: Malachi

The book of Malachi gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

This is the last book of the Old Testament and it means Messenger. Interesting in this book entitled Messenger, we have two (2) messengers who are explicitly called out. One messenger is with a cause, the other is of the covenant. Malachi 3:1 reads Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the LORD, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts. God is silent for the next 300 to years between the Old Testament and the New Testament, and His silence is broken by this messenger.

Messenger #1 is the Messenger with a Cause which was to prepare the way of the Lord (referring to the voice in the wilderness, John the Baptist – Luke 3:4).
And Messenger #2 is the Messenger of the Covenant whom God delights in (referring to Jesus Christ, the Lord). God delights in Jesus. He announced it not once but twice, when he said This is My BELOVED Son, in whom I am well pleased (in whom I delight) at the baptism of Jesus (Luke 3:22) and the transfiguration of Jesus (Matthew 17:5).

In Malachi, Jesus is the Messenger of the covenant, in whom God delights.

Jesus in the OT :: Zechariah

The book of Zechariah gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

Zechariah  means “Yahweh Remembers” i.e., God remembers his covenant (He will be their God and they will be His people). There are many instances in this book that has a direct reference to the Savior and Messiah (the anointed/chosen One), Jesus Christ.

Zechariah 6:12-13 talks about the coronation of Joshua (a variant of Yeshua a.k.a. Jesus) as priest who will rebuild the temple, bear the glory and shall sit and rule upon his throne as King.  In Hebrews 8:1 we see Jesus Christ, THE High Priest who sits at the right hand of the Majesty in the heavens, who reigns.

Zechariah 9:9 talks about a King riding on a donkey. In Luke 19 we see Jesus riding on a donkey as He enters into Jerusalem.

Zechariah 9:10 talks about a King riding on a horse. In Revelation 19, we read about Jesus who will come riding on a white horse.

Zechariah 11:12 states that the price for the staff of the shepherd (LORD), called Beauty, that the people will agree to pay would be thirty (30) pieces of silver. In Matthew 26:15, we read that Judas covenanted to betray Jesus, the Beautiful staff of God (the Good Shepherd), for thirty (30) pieces of silver.

Zechariah 12:10 states that they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, …. In John 18:34-37, we see that Jesus was pierced on the Cross.

In Zechariah, Jesus is the High Priest and riding King. He rode once on a donkey, He will  ride as King on the horse. Jesus is the Beauty of the LORD, the Staff of the Good Shepherd. He was priced and pierced for us, because Yahweh remembered his covenant with man, to be their God so that they could be His people.

Jesus in the OT :: Haggai

The book of Haggai gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

Haggai is probably an abbreviated form of Haggiah which means “Festival of Yahweh”. THe backdrop in this books is that the temple of God is not complete because people’s personal affairs have interfered with God’s business.

The prophet Haggai brings God’s message to first bring priority to the House of God over their personal pursuits. God describes his House as being laid waste (Haggai 1:4,9) and warns through Haggai, that if the people don’t start focusing on God’s house over their own, the fruit of their labor would be futile akin to putting wages in a bags (pockets) with holes in them ( Haggai 1:6).

But as we seek to see Jesus in the book of Haggai, the key verses that surfaces are Haggai 2:7 & 9 which reads
7 And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the LORD of hosts.
9 The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former, saith the LORD of hosts: and in this place will I give peace, saith the LORD of hosts.

Desire of all nations will come (refers to the coming of Jesus Christ – Matthew 1:21) and I will fill this house with glory (Jesus in the temple cleansing it to reveal the glory of God – Matthew 21:12);
The glory of this latter house will be greater than the former, saith the Lord of hosts and In this place will I give peace (the Prince of peace – Isaiah 9:6 & 7) saith the Lord.

In Haggai, Jesus is the desire of all nations. He is not only the cleanser of the temple (our bodies are the temple of the Holy God – 1 Corinthians 6:19-20) to restore God’s glory, but He is the in fact the very glory of God within the temple (our bodies that are jars of clay – 2 Cor 4:7). He is the Prince of Peace.

Jesus in the OT :: Zephaniah

The book of Zephaniah gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

The name Tesphan-yah mean “Yahweh hides” or “Yahweh has hidden”.

Zephaniah 1:7 states that The Lord has prepared a sacrifice. The Lord has prepared a sacrifice; not sacrifices. It is a singular sacrifice prepared by the LORD (Yahweh); Jesus Christ is the first (alpha) and final (omega) sacrifice acceptable and pleasing to God. (Hebrews 10:1-18)

Zephaniah 2:3 counsels that we ought to seek God, seek righteousness, and seek meekness and we shall be hid in the day of the LORD’s anger.

When we seek and believe in Jesus Christ, the righteousness of God, we no longer have to hide ourselves from God, because his sacrificial blood hides our sins from Him. Jesus hides the anger of God on us.

In Zephaniah, Jesus is THE SACRIFICE prepared by God, who hides us from the wrath of God.

Zephaniah 1:7 (KJV)
Hold thy peace at the presence of the Lord GOD: for the day of the LORD is at hand: for the LORD hath prepared a sacrifice, he hath bid his guests.

Zephaniah 2:3 (KJV)
Seek ye the LORD, all ye meek of the earth, which have wrought his judgment; seek righteousness, seek meekness: it may be ye shall be hid in the day of the LORD’s anger.

Jesus in the OT :: Nahum

The book of Nahum gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

The Hebrew word Nahum which means “Comfort” or  “Consolation” is a shortened form of Nehemiah which means “Comfort of Yahweh”.  Nineveh is a great city in Assyria which is the sister state of Babylon. Assyria was a military state, while Babylon was the merchant state. Nineveh is the city to which Jonah was commissioned to preach, and when he did, the entire nation (starting with the then king) repented and God relented from executing his judgment on them. But now a hundred years later, Nineveh had returned to its wicked ways and are violent, idolatrous and arrogant in their ways, elevating themselves to be as God where they declare of themselves “I AM and there is no other” (Zechariah 2:15), oppressing God’s people, so much so that God’s judgment falls to the comfort of Judah and Nineveh is destroyed with no trace whatsoever (no longer on the face of the map).

Not only is this book about physical freedom, but it also talks about Christ and His mission as the one who frees us all from Spiritual bondage. Jesus said I have come to set the captives (those in bonds) free (Luke 4:18) and that His yoke is light (Matthew 11:30). He is the GREAT I AM, the Comfort of Yahweh. 

In Nahum, Jesus is God’s consolation, the Comfort of Yahweh, The Yoke breaker and bearer, the one who sets those in bondage free.

Luke 4:18 (KJV)
The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,
19 To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.

Jesus in the OT :: Micah

The book of Micah gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

This book can be divided into 3 parts

  • 1st of the 3rd – Rebuke
  • 2nd of the 3rd – Repentance call
  • 3rd of the 3rd – Restoration

The Name Michayahu (Micah) itself is a QUESTION meaning Who is like unto Yahweh?

Micah 1:8 reads I will go stripped and naked. Jesus was stripped and shamed when He was crucified. He was stripped and shamed, so we can be bold with power, unashamed (Acts 1:8, Romans 1:16)

Micah 5:2 states that a ruler shall come forth out of Bethlehem. The angel’s announcement to the shepherds who kept watch at night when Jesus was born was “For unto you is born this day in the city of David (Bethlehem) a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord.” Jesus is the ruler from Bethlehem.

Micah 5:5 describes a man who shall be the peace. Isaiah 9:6-7 records that Jesus shall be called the Prince of peace.

Micah 7:18,19 asks the question Who is like unto Yahweh? i.e., Who is God? and the answer really is Jesus Christ!

In Micah, Jesus is the ruler from Bethlehem, the man of peace.

Jesus in the OT :: Jonah

The book of Jonah gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

Jonah is an account that reminds us that running from God is futile. In Hebrew, Jonah means  ‘Dove’, which is symbolic of the Spirit of God.

Jonah in a sense prefigures Christ as tabulated below.

Jonah Jesus
Slept when troubled (1:6) Slept when it stormed (Mark 4:38)
Fate determined by casting lots (1:7) Jesus’ clothes determined by casting lots (John 19:23)
Pick me up and throw me into the sea and the storm will calm (1:12) Jesus offered to die willingly – He humbled himself unto death (Philippians 2)
Men tried to row back (1:13) Pilate tried to release Jesus (John 19:4)
Men cried do not hold us accountable (1:14) Pilate states Jesus’ blood is not in my hands (Matthew 27:24)
Then they threw him over (1:15) Pilate handed Jesus over (John 19:16)
Was thrown into the depths (sea, belly of a fish) – (1:15-17) 40 For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth (grave). Matthew 12:38-42) – Jesus was in the grave because of GRACE.

Jonah is one of the two books in the Bible (the other being Nahum) that ends with a question as recorded in Jonah 4:11 which reads And should not I spare Nineveh, that great city, wherein are more than sixscore thousand (120000) persons that cannot discern between their right hand and their left hand; and also much cattle?

2 Peter 3:9 gives the answer. No one must perish, and all must come to repentance (The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.)

In Jonah, Jesus is the one who went to the GRAVE because of His GRACE and who wants no one to perish.

Jesus in the OT :: Obadiah

The book of Obadiah gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

This book has only one chapter and is the only book in the Old Testament which is composed of a single chapter. But this one chapter is packed with facts that prefigures the Salvation and deliverance that is to come (Obadiah 1:17; Romans 10:13), the presence of Holiness (Obadiah 1:22; Mark 1:23-25) and the Kingdom of the Lord (Obadiah 1:21; Luke 23:46)

Obadiah means Worshiper of Yahweh.

In the temptation of Christ, Jesus responded by saying that “You shall worship the Lord your God only and only Him shall thou serve”. Note how worship and service go hand in hand. Satan had asked Jesus only to worship him (not serve him – Matthew 4:10), but Jesus responded by including serving with worshiping God. Today, there are many Christians worshiping God, but not serving him. Are you/Am I one of them?

Interesting, Obadiah not only means Worshiper of Yahweh but ALSO Servant of Yahweh.

Jesus Himself said, I have come to serve and not to be served (Matthew 20:28)

In Obadiah, Jesus is the deliverance from Zion, the Holiness of God, who is to be worshiped and served.

Jesus in the OT :: Amos

The book of Amos gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

Israel is in a state of prosperity with businesses booming and boundaries bulging, but with that the hearts of the children of God had turned callous and people had turned to be hypocrites and spiritually indifferent, very reflective of our times today.

Amos 8:9-10 describes a day when the earth will trembles (earthquake), the day in which the sun will go down at noon and the day will be darkened, a day or mourning; mourning of an only (begotten) son, a bitter (forsaken) day. The events described in this day closely map to the day of Crucifixion of Jesus as recorded in Matthew 27:45-46.

Amos, is derived from the Hebrew root word Amas which means “To lift a burden, to carry”.  In other words, His name means “Burden bearer”. Jesus carried our burden, the burden of the cross, but what is more is that not only did he carry the burden of our cross, but He is telling you and me today Cast your burden on me and I will sustain you (Psalm 55:22).

He has also promised us rest (Matthew 11:28-30), that is He will carry our burdens; He will be our burden bearer.

In Amos, Jesus is our burden bearer, who carried the cross and He will carry us as well.