Jesus in the OT :: Micah

The book of Micah gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

This book can be divided into 3 parts

  • 1st of the 3rd – Rebuke
  • 2nd of the 3rd – Repentance call
  • 3rd of the 3rd – Restoration

The Name Michayahu (Micah) itself is a QUESTION meaning Who is like unto Yahweh?

Micah 1:8 reads I will go stripped and naked. Jesus was stripped and shamed when He was crucified. He was stripped and shamed, so we can be bold with power, unashamed (Acts 1:8, Romans 1:16)

Micah 5:2 states that a ruler shall come forth out of Bethlehem. The angel’s announcement to the shepherds who kept watch at night when Jesus was born was “For unto you is born this day in the city of David (Bethlehem) a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord.” Jesus is the ruler from Bethlehem.

Micah 5:5 describes a man who shall be the peace. Isaiah 9:6-7 records that Jesus shall be called the Prince of peace.

Micah 7:18,19 asks the question Who is like unto Yahweh? i.e., Who is God? and the answer really is Jesus Christ!

In Micah, Jesus is the ruler from Bethlehem, the man of peace.

Jesus in the OT :: Jonah

The book of Jonah gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

Jonah is an account that reminds us that running from God is futile. In Hebrew, Jonah means  ‘Dove’, which is symbolic of the Spirit of God.

Jonah in a sense prefigures Christ as tabulated below.

Jonah Jesus
Slept when troubled (1:6) Slept when it stormed (Mark 4:38)
Fate determined by casting lots (1:7) Jesus’ clothes determined by casting lots (John 19:23)
Pick me up and throw me into the sea and the storm will calm (1:12) Jesus offered to die willingly – He humbled himself unto death (Philippians 2)
Men tried to row back (1:13) Pilate tried to release Jesus (John 19:4)
Men cried do not hold us accountable (1:14) Pilate states Jesus’ blood is not in my hands (Matthew 27:24)
Then they threw him over (1:15) Pilate handed Jesus over (John 19:16)
Was thrown into the depths (sea, belly of a fish) – (1:15-17) 40 For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth (grave). Matthew 12:38-42) – Jesus was in the grave because of GRACE.

Jonah is one of the two books in the Bible (the other being Nahum) that ends with a question as recorded in Jonah 4:11 which reads And should not I spare Nineveh, that great city, wherein are more than sixscore thousand (120000) persons that cannot discern between their right hand and their left hand; and also much cattle?

2 Peter 3:9 gives the answer. No one must perish, and all must come to repentance (The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.)

In Jonah, Jesus is the one who went to the GRAVE because of His GRACE and who wants no one to perish.

Jesus in the OT :: Obadiah

The book of Obadiah gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

This book has only one chapter and is the only book in the Old Testament which is composed of a single chapter. But this one chapter is packed with facts that prefigures the Salvation and deliverance that is to come (Obadiah 1:17; Romans 10:13), the presence of Holiness (Obadiah 1:22; Mark 1:23-25) and the Kingdom of the Lord (Obadiah 1:21; Luke 23:46)

Obadiah means Worshiper of Yahweh.

In the temptation of Christ, Jesus responded by saying that “You shall worship the Lord your God only and only Him shall thou serve”. Note how worship and service go hand in hand. Satan had asked Jesus only to worship him (not serve him – Matthew 4:10), but Jesus responded by including serving with worshiping God. Today, there are many Christians worshiping God, but not serving him. Are you/Am I one of them?

Interesting, Obadiah not only means Worshiper of Yahweh but ALSO Servant of Yahweh.

Jesus Himself said, I have come to serve and not to be served (Matthew 20:28)

In Obadiah, Jesus is the deliverance from Zion, the Holiness of God, who is to be worshiped and served.

Jesus in the OT :: Amos

The book of Amos gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

Israel is in a state of prosperity with businesses booming and boundaries bulging, but with that the hearts of the children of God had turned callous and people had turned to be hypocrites and spiritually indifferent, very reflective of our times today.

Amos 8:9-10 describes a day when the earth will trembles (earthquake), the day in which the sun will go down at noon and the day will be darkened, a day or mourning; mourning of an only (begotten) son, a bitter (forsaken) day. The events described in this day closely map to the day of Crucifixion of Jesus as recorded in Matthew 27:45-46.

Amos, is derived from the Hebrew root word Amas which means “To lift a burden, to carry”.  In other words, His name means “Burden bearer”. Jesus carried our burden, the burden of the cross, but what is more is that not only did he carry the burden of our cross, but He is telling you and me today Cast your burden on me and I will sustain you (Psalm 55:22).

He has also promised us rest (Matthew 11:28-30), that is He will carry our burdens; He will be our burden bearer.

In Amos, Jesus is our burden bearer, who carried the cross and He will carry us as well.

Jesus in the OT :: Joel

The book of Joel gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

Little is known about prophet Joel, except that we know he is the Son of Pethuel, who speaks FORTHRIGHTLY and FORCEFULLY a message that is FOREBODING which at the same time is FILLED with Hope.

The book can essentially be divided into two major themes

  • 1st : The day of the Locust – signifying the destruction of what we believe sustains us
  • 2nd : The day of the Lord – signifying not just a time of SUSTENANCE but of SAVING as well.

The message in this book moves from the PUNISHMENT of God to the PRESENCE of God and in doing so CALLS to REPENTANCE, stating  Rend your hearts and turn to God (Joel 2:13) and get ready to meet the Bridegroom (Jesus Christ) by gathering, sanctifying and assembling yourself, your children and infants (Joel 2:16)

And until the day of God’s PRESENCE with man, in bodily form, God PROMISES to  pour out his Spirit on all flesh. (Joel 2:28-29).

Galatians 4:6 states that God sent forth the Spirit of his Son into our hearts.

In Joel, Jesus is spirit of God, who is poured into the hearts of all.

Joel 2:28- 29 (KJV)
And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions:
29 And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my spirit.

Galatians 4:4-6 (KJV)
But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,
To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.
And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.

Jesus in the OT :: Hosea

The book of Hosea gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

Hosea is the story of a PROPHET commissioned to marry a PROSTITUTE, a symbolic reference to God being faithful in the marriage relationship He has with his people, the Church that has an adulterous relationship with the world. It is an account that visualizes God’s heartache (BROKEN HEART) over his unfaithful people (symbolized by Israel).

 In the article “A physician testifies about the Crucifixion [of Jesus]”, Dr. David writes “Apparently to make doubly sure of death, the legionnaire drove his lance through the fifth interspace between the ribs, upward through the pericardium and into the heart. The 34th verse of the 19th chapter of the Gospel according to St. John reports: “And immediately there came out blood and water.” That is, there was an escape of water fluid from the sac surrounding the heart, giving postmortem evidence that Our Lord died not the usual crucifixion death by suffocation, but of heart failure due to shock and constriction of the heart by fluid in the pericardium.”  You can otherwise say that Jesus died of a Broken Heart.

Hosea 13:14 talks about someone who will ransom his people from death and redeem them from the power of the grave.
14 I will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them from death: O death, I will be thy plagues; O grave, I will be thy destruction:

Who is this person referred to as ‘I’ in that prophecy? To find the answer, we need to look at 1 Corinthians 15:55,57 which answers that question that this ‘I’ is the Lord Jesus Christ who gives victory.
55 O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory?
56 The sting of death is sin; and the strength of sin is the law.
57 But thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.

In Hosea, Jesus is the faithful one who ransoms us from death and redeems us from the grave, in spite of our unfaithfulness.

Jesus in the OT :: Daniel

The book of Daniel gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

The book can be divided into two major sections. The first half is about the Personal life of Daniel (Chapter 1-6) while the second half  is about the Prophetic life of Daniel (Chapter 7-12), about the visions/revelation to Daniel. Rightfully so, Daniel can be said to be the Revelation of the end times in the O.T.

From the first half of the book, you can see how God is with Daniel and his friends who are faithful, in the midst of fire and fierce lions. God is their judge and the justice of God prevails. The very name Daniel means God is my Judge and you see this character of God being evident in the life of Daniel and his faithful friends. In the story of the 3 Hebrew boys, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah, whom we commonly known by their Babylonian names as Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego, when these boys were thrown into the consuming fire, not only was God’s PROTECTION with them because they came out unscathed, but God’s PRESENCE was with them as well.

The fascinating account is recorded in Daniel 3 and the synopsis of that account is as follows

  1. The boys were cast into the fire bound by the mighty men of the land; They however came out of the fire loosed by the Almighty God of all men
  2. The king saw someone else in the fire whom he identified as the Son of God (Jesus Christ – the Only begotten and beloved Son of God)

Today, irrespective of what your situation is, if you earnestly seek to be free of bondage and the fire around you to be quenched, all you have to do is just open the eyes of your heart and look to Jesus, the Son of God, in the midst of the fire, protecting and freeing you. Pay attention and heed to what He is telling you, for He is the beloved Son of God, in whom God is well pleased.

From the second half of the book, as we continue to explore Christ in the scriptures, lets look at Daniel 7:9 which is recorded as

9 I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of days did sit, whose garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like the pure wool: [on] his throne was like the fiery flame, and his wheels as burning fire.

Remember Jesus said , Before Abraham was, I am (John 8:58). He indeed is the Ancient of days, from before the time of Abraham or even creation (Psalm 90:2).
Jesus also said that He saw Satan [star] fall from heaven  (Luke 10:18; Rev 9:1). The throne of Satan cast down.

In Daniel, Jesus is the Ancient of days and He is not only the protecting Son of God but He is also the PRESENT Son of God, in the midst of the fire.