Jesus in the OT :: 1st Kings

The book of 1st Kings gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

It is mostly about King Solomon, the son of David, the king of Israel. Solomon was not only a king, but he was wiser than any other man, an architect, arbitrator, administrator, botanist, composer of 1500 songs,  herpetologist, ichthyologist, ornithologist, poet, philosopher, preacher, zoologist (1 Kings 4:32-33). Solomon’s heart was however divided between his love for God and his love for women that led to a divided kingdom in a collision course with captivity. (1 Kings 11:11; Nehemiah 1:26)

Jesus says of himself that one greater than Solomon is here (Matthew 12:42)

But where I want you to focus your attention is the similarity that you find in the Coronation of Solomon into Kingship and the entry of Jesus into the Jerusalem as a fulfillment of the prophecy accordingly to God’s prophet Zechariah as stated in Zechariah 9:9. When David appoints Solomon to be King, the King tells three of his trusted men, the Priest (Zadok), the Prophet (Nathan) and the Protector (Benaiah – 1 Chronicles 11:22) and told them to take with them his servants and to cause his Son, Solomon to ride upon his own mule … and anoint him as King over Israel and proclaim saying God save king Solomon. (1 Kings 1:32-34)

A mule is a cross between a donkey stallion and a horse mare.

Jesus rode on the donkey, when he entered into Jerusalem, bringing in salvation.
Jesus will ride on a horse (the white horse), when he will return, bringing Judgment (Revelation 19:11).

In 1st Kings, He is the crowned King.

1 Kings 4:32-33
32. And he spake 3000 proverbs (poet), and his songs were a thousand and five (composer),
33. and he spake of trees from the cedar tree that is in Lebanon even unto the hyssop that spring out of the wall (botanist), he spake also of beasts (zoologist), and of fowl (ornithologist), and of creeping things (herpetologist) and of fishes (ichythologist).

1 Kings 11:11
11. Wherefore the LORD said unto Solomon, Forasmuch as this is done of thee, and thou hast not kept my covenant and my statutes, which I have commanded thee, I will surely rend the kingdom from thee, and will give it to thy servant (not son).

Nehemiah 1:26
26.  Did not Solomon king of Israel sin by these things? yet among many nations was there no king like him, who was beloved of his God and God made him king over all Israel: nevertheless even him did outlandish women cause to sin.

Zechariah 9:9
9. Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zio; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.

John 12:15



Jesus in the OT :: 2nd Samuel

The book of 1st and 2nd Samuel (originally written as one book) gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

2nd Samuel talks about a man named Abishai (2 Samuel 23), who is one of David’s fighting men, along with Eleazar, Shammah and Benaiah (who were valiant in battle, mighty men skilled in the art of war and fought fearlessly) of whom it is said that He was more honorable and made commander over even the chiefs of the armies of David  (2 Samuel 23:19). 1 Samuel 26:6-8 records that valiant Abishai goes with David to the camp of Saul, going behind enemy lines. We named our Son’s middle name after this character and also become of its meaning. Abishai means – Gift of God.

Romans 6:23 says that the wages of sin is death, but the Gift of God (but the Abishai) is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord (who went behind enemy (ha shaitan – adversary) lines to pay for this gift.

In 2nd Samuel, Jesus is the Abishai (gift of God) who went behind enemy lines to be with us as we walk in the valley of the shadow of death, on earth.

Jesus in the OT :: 1st Samuel

The book of 1st and 2nd Samuel (originally written as one book) gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

1 Samuel is mostly about the life of David, who was a shepherd boy that God took and made Him ruler of His people. This is what God has to tell of David. Now therefore so shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, from following the sheep, to be ruler over my people, over Israel: (2 Samuel 7:8)

1 Peter 2:25 says that we are like Sheep that have gone astray, but the good news is that Jesus said in John 10:11 and John 10:14, I AM the good shepherd that will

  1. Give my life for my sheep
  2. Care for my sheep
  3. Knows my sheep
  4. Lay down my life for my sheep and
  5. Bring other sheeps into my sheepfold

And 1 Corinthians 15:24 says that God made Him (Jesus Christ) to be, ruler over ALL men

David, was a king who was elected, established and enlarged
In 1st Samuel, Jesus, The king is God’s elect, who was established by man (in birth, he was sought as the King of the Jews and even in His death He lived up to his name, INRI – The Rex Iudaeorum – king of the Jews) and God (as King of kings) and His kingdom is being enlarged today by the sheep that returns to his fold and is a kingdom forever indestructible and forever established.

Jesus in the OT :: Ruth

The book of Genesis gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

In the book of Ruth, we often focus on the main character, Ruth, who was not a Jew but was from the land of Moab and Ruth is speculated to be a possible modification of the Hebrew word Reuit which means “Friendship” or “Association”. She did not belong to the Jews but was married to one who was a relative (kinsman) of a mighty man of wealth, an individual named Boaz. She finds favor in his eyes and this is a cameo story of love, romance, devotion and redemption because she choose to stay with her mother-in-law Naomi, affirming that Naomi’s God, the true God will be her God as well when she says I will go where you will go and your God will be my God (Ruth 1:16).

But I want us to focus on what Boaz tells Ruth. He tells her Come, let’s eat. (Ruth 2:14) . This is very similar to Jesus’ saying – Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me. (Rev 3:20)

In Ruth, Jesus is our Friend, our Kinsman Redeemer, beckoning us to open the door of our heart, so that he can come in and we can eat (fellowship) together.

Jesus in the OT :: Judges

The book of Judges gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

In the book of Judges, which should more appropriately be named the “Book of failures”, we see seven distinct cycles of sin and salvation. People go away from God & God raised up Judges to save them (Judges 2:16).

The most pitiable statement that is accurately reflective of our current times is the very last verse in this book (Judges 21:25) which reads “And there was no king in those days and every man did that which was right in his own eyes.” We are in many case no different pursuing our desires and that which pleases our eyes (be it  the pursuit of Power, Position, Prestige, Popularity or Pleasure). But a day of reckoning is coming when God will raise a Judge whose name is Jesus Christ who will arrive as the King of kings and the Lord of lords and judge in righteousness (Rev 19:11) for He is the King of righteousness (Hebrews 7:2)

In Judges, Jesus is a Righteous Judge.

Jesus in the OT :: Joshua

The book of Joshua gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

In this book, we see that the mantle of leadership passes from Moses to Joshua, a mighty warrior. The original name of Joshua was Hosea (Salvation) and Moses changed it to Yehoshua (Yahweh is Salvation). Joshua was a mighty warrior who led 3 military campaigns against 30 or so enemy armies. An interesting incident is recorded in Joshua 5:13-15. Joshua is near Jericho and Joshua looked up and saw a man opposite to him with his sword drawn in his hand and Joshua questions him – Are you for us or for our enemies and the response he receive was Nay, but as Captain of the host (army) of the LORD am I (reversal of I AM) come and Joshua falls down and worships Him.

The Captain of the host of the LORD would be akin to the Commander and Chief, the most powerful man in the world.  And no it is not Barack Obama, who is the most powerful man in the world. Mr. President, I’ve got news for you. YOU ARE NOT the most powerful man in the world – Jesus Christ is.

Jesus Christ is the Commander and Chief, captain of the host of the LORD.

Revelation 19:11 reads as “I saw heaven opened in the coming of the Lord, Jesus will come as a conquering King, riding on a white horse who in righteousness (being the King of righteousness – Hebrews 7:2) judged and made war.”  and Revelation 19:15 states “and out of his mouth, goes forth a sharp sword.”

In Joshua, Jesus is the mighty warrior who wins every battle he engages in and the man with his sword drawn.

Jesus in the OT :: Deuteronomy

The book of Deuteronomy gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

Deuteronomy 4:1 states Hearken O Israel, what I teach you for in doing them you will live and possess the land. Deuteronomy 4:9 states Pay attention (take heed) so you Keep you SOUL, and forget not from your MINDS what you have seen and guard your HEART. HEART, SOUL and MIND. Teach them to your sons, and to your son’s sons. For ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop (Keeper or Overseer) of your souls. (1 Peter 2:25)


Jesus taught, you shall Love the LORD Your God, with ALL Your  HEART, and with all your SOUL and with all your MIND. (Matthew 22:37). Jesus Christ is the Teacher, come from God. The same came to Jesus by night, and said unto him, Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles that thou doest, except God be with him. (John 3:2). Note, what Mary calls the resurrected Jesus, John 20:16 records that she calls Him Rabboni (which is Master or Teacher).

In Deuteronomy, Jesus is a Teacher; The Teacher from God.