Jesus in the OT :: 1st Kings

The book of 1st Kings gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

It is mostly about King Solomon, the son of David, the king of Israel. Solomon was not only a king, but he was wiser than any other man, an architect, arbitrator, administrator, botanist, composer of 1500 songs,  herpetologist, ichthyologist, ornithologist, poet, philosopher, preacher, zoologist (1 Kings 4:32-33). Solomon’s heart was however divided between his love for God and his love for women that led to a divided kingdom in a collision course with captivity. (1 Kings 11:11; Nehemiah 1:26)

Jesus says of himself that one greater than Solomon is here (Matthew 12:42)

But where I want you to focus your attention is the similarity that you find in the Coronation of Solomon into Kingship and the entry of Jesus into the Jerusalem as a fulfillment of the prophecy accordingly to God’s prophet Zechariah as stated in Zechariah 9:9. When David appoints Solomon to be King, the King tells three of his trusted men, the Priest (Zadok), the Prophet (Nathan) and the Protector (Benaiah – 1 Chronicles 11:22) and told them to take with them his servants and to cause his Son, Solomon to ride upon his own mule … and anoint him as King over Israel and proclaim saying God save king Solomon. (1 Kings 1:32-34)

A mule is a cross between a donkey stallion and a horse mare.

Jesus rode on the donkey, when he entered into Jerusalem, bringing in salvation.
Jesus will ride on a horse (the white horse), when he will return, bringing Judgment (Revelation 19:11).

In 1st Kings, He is the crowned King.

1 Kings 4:32-33
32. And he spake 3000 proverbs (poet), and his songs were a thousand and five (composer),
33. and he spake of trees from the cedar tree that is in Lebanon even unto the hyssop that spring out of the wall (botanist), he spake also of beasts (zoologist), and of fowl (ornithologist), and of creeping things (herpetologist) and of fishes (ichythologist).

1 Kings 11:11
11. Wherefore the LORD said unto Solomon, Forasmuch as this is done of thee, and thou hast not kept my covenant and my statutes, which I have commanded thee, I will surely rend the kingdom from thee, and will give it to thy servant (not son).

Nehemiah 1:26
26.  Did not Solomon king of Israel sin by these things? yet among many nations was there no king like him, who was beloved of his God and God made him king over all Israel: nevertheless even him did outlandish women cause to sin.

Zechariah 9:9
9. Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zio; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.

John 12:15



Jesus in the OT :: 2nd Samuel

The book of 1st and 2nd Samuel (originally written as one book) gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

2nd Samuel talks about a man named Abishai (2 Samuel 23), who is one of David’s fighting men, along with Eleazar, Shammah and Benaiah (who were valiant in battle, mighty men skilled in the art of war and fought fearlessly) of whom it is said that He was more honorable and made commander over even the chiefs of the armies of David  (2 Samuel 23:19). 1 Samuel 26:6-8 records that valiant Abishai goes with David to the camp of Saul, going behind enemy lines. We named our Son’s middle name after this character and also become of its meaning. Abishai means – Gift of God.

Romans 6:23 says that the wages of sin is death, but the Gift of God (but the Abishai) is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord (who went behind enemy (ha shaitan – adversary) lines to pay for this gift.

In 2nd Samuel, Jesus is the Abishai (gift of God) who went behind enemy lines to be with us as we walk in the valley of the shadow of death, on earth.

Jesus in the OT :: 1st Samuel

The book of 1st and 2nd Samuel (originally written as one book) gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

1 Samuel is mostly about the life of David, who was a shepherd boy that God took and made Him ruler of His people. This is what God has to tell of David. Now therefore so shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, from following the sheep, to be ruler over my people, over Israel: (2 Samuel 7:8)

1 Peter 2:25 says that we are like Sheep that have gone astray, but the good news is that Jesus said in John 10:11 and John 10:14, I AM the good shepherd that will

  1. Give my life for my sheep
  2. Care for my sheep
  3. Knows my sheep
  4. Lay down my life for my sheep and
  5. Bring other sheeps into my sheepfold

And 1 Corinthians 15:24 says that God made Him (Jesus Christ) to be, ruler over ALL men

David, was a king who was elected, established and enlarged
In 1st Samuel, Jesus, The king is God’s elect, who was established by man (in birth, he was sought as the King of the Jews and even in His death He lived up to his name, INRI – The Rex Iudaeorum – king of the Jews) and God (as King of kings) and His kingdom is being enlarged today by the sheep that returns to his fold and is a kingdom forever indestructible and forever established.

Jesus in the OT :: Ruth

The book of Genesis gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

In the book of Ruth, we often focus on the main character, Ruth, who was not a Jew but was from the land of Moab and Ruth is speculated to be a possible modification of the Hebrew word Reuit which means “Friendship” or “Association”. She did not belong to the Jews but was married to one who was a relative (kinsman) of a mighty man of wealth, an individual named Boaz. She finds favor in his eyes and this is a cameo story of love, romance, devotion and redemption because she choose to stay with her mother-in-law Naomi, affirming that Naomi’s God, the true God will be her God as well when she says I will go where you will go and your God will be my God (Ruth 1:16).

But I want us to focus on what Boaz tells Ruth. He tells her Come, let’s eat. (Ruth 2:14) . This is very similar to Jesus’ saying – Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me. (Rev 3:20)

In Ruth, Jesus is our Friend, our Kinsman Redeemer, beckoning us to open the door of our heart, so that he can come in and we can eat (fellowship) together.

Jesus in the OT :: Judges

The book of Judges gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

In the book of Judges, which should more appropriately be named the “Book of failures”, we see seven distinct cycles of sin and salvation. People go away from God & God raised up Judges to save them (Judges 2:16).

The most pitiable statement that is accurately reflective of our current times is the very last verse in this book (Judges 21:25) which reads “And there was no king in those days and every man did that which was right in his own eyes.” We are in many case no different pursuing our desires and that which pleases our eyes (be it  the pursuit of Power, Position, Prestige, Popularity or Pleasure). But a day of reckoning is coming when God will raise a Judge whose name is Jesus Christ who will arrive as the King of kings and the Lord of lords and judge in righteousness (Rev 19:11) for He is the King of righteousness (Hebrews 7:2)

In Judges, Jesus is a Righteous Judge.

Jesus in the OT :: Joshua

The book of Joshua gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

In this book, we see that the mantle of leadership passes from Moses to Joshua, a mighty warrior. The original name of Joshua was Hosea (Salvation) and Moses changed it to Yehoshua (Yahweh is Salvation). Joshua was a mighty warrior who led 3 military campaigns against 30 or so enemy armies. An interesting incident is recorded in Joshua 5:13-15. Joshua is near Jericho and Joshua looked up and saw a man opposite to him with his sword drawn in his hand and Joshua questions him – Are you for us or for our enemies and the response he receive was Nay, but as Captain of the host (army) of the LORD am I (reversal of I AM) come and Joshua falls down and worships Him.

The Captain of the host of the LORD would be akin to the Commander and Chief, the most powerful man in the world.  And no it is not Barack Obama, who is the most powerful man in the world. Mr. President, I’ve got news for you. YOU ARE NOT the most powerful man in the world – Jesus Christ is.

Jesus Christ is the Commander and Chief, captain of the host of the LORD.

Revelation 19:11 reads as “I saw heaven opened in the coming of the Lord, Jesus will come as a conquering King, riding on a white horse who in righteousness (being the King of righteousness – Hebrews 7:2) judged and made war.”  and Revelation 19:15 states “and out of his mouth, goes forth a sharp sword.”

In Joshua, Jesus is the mighty warrior who wins every battle he engages in and the man with his sword drawn.

Jesus in the OT :: Deuteronomy

The book of Deuteronomy gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

Deuteronomy 4:1 states Hearken O Israel, what I teach you for in doing them you will live and possess the land. Deuteronomy 4:9 states Pay attention (take heed) so you Keep you SOUL, and forget not from your MINDS what you have seen and guard your HEART. HEART, SOUL and MIND. Teach them to your sons, and to your son’s sons. For ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop (Keeper or Overseer) of your souls. (1 Peter 2:25)


Jesus taught, you shall Love the LORD Your God, with ALL Your  HEART, and with all your SOUL and with all your MIND. (Matthew 22:37). Jesus Christ is the Teacher, come from God. The same came to Jesus by night, and said unto him, Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles that thou doest, except God be with him. (John 3:2). Note, what Mary calls the resurrected Jesus, John 20:16 records that she calls Him Rabboni (which is Master or Teacher).

In Deuteronomy, Jesus is a Teacher; The Teacher from God.

Jesus in the OT :: Numbers

The book of Numbers gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

As the Israelites journey from Egypt to their promised land, they came to a place called Edom. God led them by providing them Manna from heaven, which sustained them through their journey. But much like many of us today, this ungrateful crowd, say of that which is a Holy provision, that their soul loathes (detests) this light bread. When they sinned in this manner, many many venomous snakes was sent to their midst, which bit them and many died. God tells Moses, to build a brass serpent and to lift it up and all who look at it, even though they are bitten, will live. This account is recorded in Numbers 21:6-9.

Most of us know John 3:16. But how many of us, know John 3:14-15? John 3:14-15 reads And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up (and He was on the Cross): That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life. Jesus also tells that He will be lifted up from the earth and will draw all men unto him (John 12:32) and all who look at Christ on the Cross, can be assured that the poison of sin will have no effect on them and when they see Him lifted up and believe in Him they shall live; live eternally!

In Numbers, Jesus is the lifted One of God, from whom comes Salvation.

Jesus in the OT :: Leviticus

The book of Leviticus gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

This is the time of the laws and offerings and for those of us who have resolved to read the entire Bible in a year, we often find the book of Leviticus to be the Biblical speedbump. But there is so much truth hidden in this difficult to read book. There are six offerings mandated, five of which are recorded in the first seven chapters of this book and one offering is recorded in the book of Numbers.

The five offerings are  

  1. Burnt Offering
    In the burnt offering, the sacrificed animal’s blood was sprinkled and the animal was burnt as an aroma to God. Jesus’ sacrifice was a sweetsmeeling savor acceptable to God (Ephesians 5:2). The Bible states that states that life is in the blood (Genesis 9:4).Eternal life is only by the blood of Jesus Christ that washes away all sin. Jesus is the burnt offering.
  2. Meat Offering
    Jesus said, this is my body (flesh/meat) given for you (Luke 22:19) before the day that he was crucified. Jesus is the perfect meat offering.
  3. Peace Offering
    For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince
    of Peace. (Isaiah 9:6). Jesus is the Peace offering.
  4. Sin Offering
    Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed
    (1 Peter 2:24). He who knew no sin, became sin for us so that we may become the righteousness of God. Jesus is the sin offering.
  5. Trespass/Guilt Offering
    Jesus taught us to pray – Forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against all (Matthew 6:12) and his first saying from the Cross when he was crucified was “Father, forgive them their trespasses (guilt) for they do not know” (Luke 23:34)
    . Jesus not only taught us to forgive but became the guilt offering unto God for us, so that God the Father may withhold his wrath from us.

In Leviticus, Jesus is typified in the offerings, the perfect and pleasing offering acceptable to God and He is our sanctification.

The book of Genesis gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

Genesis starts with ‘In the beginning God’ and sometimes I wish that it had stopped there. God was in the beginning and has to be in the beginning of our lives. Many take the Scriptures and change it, interpret it on their own without the Spirit’s revelation, leading to dogmas, heresies and misinterpretation. We have heard umpteen messages on the creation of man, the Fall of man, banishment from God’s presence, the Curse and even the first messianic prophecy as recorded in Genesis 3:15, wherein God curses satan saying that I will put enmity between you and the woman, between thy seed and her seed (talking about Jesus) and He shall bruise (crush) thy head (Golgotha shaped as a Skull) and thou shalt bruise his heel (Jesus’ heel was pierced on the Cross).

But seldom do we talk about Christ in the Creation. He was present in the tribunal meeting in which God said, Let us (the Trinity of God – Father, Son and Holy Spirit) make man in our own image. Author Nathan Stone in the book “Names of God” writes that In Genesis, where it says, In the beginning, God, the word “Elohim” is used for God and the striking peculiarity of this name “Elohim” is that is plural. Jesus, the Son of God, was in the beginning with God, who was and is God (John 1:1). We see Jesus Christ the Creator.

Also we see in Genesis 14:18-20 that Abram was blessed by a priest of the Most high God, whose was the King of Salem, whose name was Melchizedek. Melchizedek offered bread and wine to Abram. Hebrews 6:20 and Hebrews 7:1-3 talks about Christ after the order of Melchizedek, priest of the Most high God who had no father, no mother, no descent without beginning (alpha) or end (omega). Jesus was in the beginning and will be there in the end. He is eternal (Psalm 90:2 – from everlasting to everlasting thou art God).

In Genesis, Jesus is the Creator God and the priest of the Most High God, who offered his body (as broken bread) and his blood (as shed wine), who exists from everlasting to everlasting.

Jesus in the OT :: Exodus

The book of Exodus gives us a glimpse of who Jesus is in the Old Testament (O.T).

The account that is recorded in Exodus 16 is of the Israelites who were wandering in the wilderness, grumbling and murmuring against God and his servant, Moses, saying that we were filled in Egypt but now they had been  brought to a wilderness wherein they will die for lack of food. God tells Moses, tomorrow you will eat meat and bread and in the morning and just as God had promised, there appeared on the ground something that was Small, Round and White and the Israelites called this “Manna”. Manna means ‘What is it?’ for they did not know what it was.

In John 6 – Jesus eluded to this manna. He made the proclamation – “I AM the bread of life”. However, many like the Israelites are still asking the question – Who is this Christ, Who is this Jesus?

The manna mystery is demystified in Jesus Christ.
The Manna was small – Jesus humbled himself to nothing (Philippians 2)
The Manna was round – Jesus has no beginning and no end, He is the alpha and omega, from everlasting to everlasting Jesus is God.
The Manna was white – Jesus is pure and divine, no spot, no blemish, no sin, no blame. 1 Peter 2:22 speaks of Jesus as one who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth.
The Manna appeared in the night when it was dark – Jesus came into this world and will comes into our lives that is in spiritual darkness.

In Exodus, Jesus Christ is the humble, everlasting, pure Manna, the bread of life!